2002 is International Year of Mountains (IYM). IYM marks the
consolidation of efforts to address issues of sustainable
development of mountain areas where an ecosystem approach to
conservation is being planned. Initiatives, events, networks are all
part of the year - long commemoration in addition to development
activities being undertaken in mountain areas.
We are always close to major conflicts between the protection of
humans, their livelihoods and achieving sustainable development.
Reaching the unreached form a formidable challenge in achieving
such development goals.
people, marginal areas and impoverished economy coupled with inappropriate
policies contribute to growing divides of the 'haves' and 'have-nots'
resulting in creation of large number of environmental refugees
and a new set of 'development apartheid'.
the need to address issues and concerns of one such segment of society
living in mountain areas, the United Nations designated 2002 as
the International year of Mountain (IYM). IYM is largely an exercise
to voicing the silence of people living in mountains so that they
are included or mainstreamed into developmental activities.
the auspices of FAO, the lead agency for IYM, several organisations
are working towards activities aimed at ensuring sustainable development
coupled with protection of fragile ecosystem around the world.
include development of case studies on range of issues, development
of best-practice guidelines, workshops, and training programmes,
awareness building initiatives and networking.
- The World Conservation Union is closely involved in implementing
several activities to commemorate IYM. Apart from this, in Asia
region IUCN is currently implementing a major initiative in Pakistan
- The Mountain Area Conservancy Project (MACP) in addition to a
regional initiative under the 'Himal Programme' comprising activities
in India, Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh.
information pack for planners and practitioners of conservation
and development efforts in mountain areas is currently under preparation
for possible release at the Mountain Summit in October 2002.