is critical not only for life, but also for sustainable development.
Under the initiative agreed for in Johannesburg the following
are the key action areas:
Area 1: Halve by 2015 the proportion of people without
sustainable access to safe drinking water
Action Area 2: Halve the proportion of people with
sustainable access to improved
Area 3: Develop integrated water resources management
including integrated coastal area and river basin management
(ICRM), and prepare and
implement water management action plans at the country level.
(Linkage with MDG 7 and Draft Plan of Implementation, para.
Area 4: Accelerated water productivity gains in irrigated
agricultural systems to contribute to food security, relieve
environmental pressures and provide scope for water transfers
to other important productive uses.
Area 5: safeguard human health, including reduction in
mortality rate (associatedwith lack of access to safe drinking
water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene), by improving
the quality of drinking water.
Area 6: Strengthen disaster preparedness planning processes
at the country level to protect the poor from the impact of
water-related disasters (floods and droughts),particularly
in low-lying countries and Small Island developing states.
Area 7: Mobilize financial resources to meet the investment
needs in the water
Area 8: Strengthen institutional and technical capacities
of developing countries in the implementation of IWRM, ICARM
and water governance at the country level, including those
dealing with the O&M of water schemes.
Area 9: Protect the quality of surface and groundwater
as well as of the aquatic ecosystems and coastal zones.
energy is not a basic human need, it is critical for the fulfillment
of all needs. Under the energy segment of WEHAB, the following
action points along with indicative targets,examples of activities
have been provided:
Area 1: Reduce poverty by providing access to modern energy
services in rural and peri-urban areas.
Area 2: Improve health and reduce environmental impacts
of traditional fuels and cooking devices.
Area 3: Improve access to affordable and diversified energy
sources in Africa.
Area 4: Reduce poverty by providing access to modern energy
services in rural
and peri-urban areas.
Area 5: Improve energy efficiency in all sectors using
established practices on
standards and labeling techniques.
Area 6: Improve efficiency in power generation.
Area 7: Progressively increase contribution of renewable
energy mix of all countries.
Area 8: Improve access to basic health care and education
for poor people through the provision of renewable energy
systems in primary health care centers and schools.
Area 9: Promote the use of renewable energy in vaccine
Area 10: Provide the use of renewable energy to facilitate
access to safe drinking water.
Area 11: Increase the use of advanced fossil fuel technologies
for energy generation.
Area 12: Promote the use of clean coal technologies (CCTs)
in countries using
Area 13: Reduce atmospheric pollution from energy generating
Area 14: Enhance productivity through advanced fossil
Area 15: Improve air quality and public health through
the introduction of cleaner vehicular fuels.
Area 16: Implement better transportation practices and
systems in mega-cities.
Area 17: Promote new technologies for transport.
and the Environment
7 of Rio declaration on Environment and Development states
“ Human beings are at the center of concern for sustainable
development. They are entitled to a healthy and productive
life in harmony with nature”. Under WEHAB, this issue has
been addressed under 6 | action areas:
Area 1: Reduce poverty and malnutrition.
Area 2: Improve access to affordable,
efficient and effective health services and reduce infant,
child and maternal mortality.
Area 3: Control or eradicate major
Area 4: Improve health and sustainable
Area 5: Address health and environment
Area 6: Improve capacities in risk
management/disaster preparedness related to health.
Agriculture plays a central role in development
and poverty eradication. With 70 per cent of poor and hungry
coming from developing countries, agriculture always enjoyed
a lead focus on discussions dealing with health, nutrition,
energy and food securities. WEHAB aim to address issues of
agriculture under 4 action areas:
Area 1: Increase agricultural productivity
and sustain or enhance the natural resources base, particularly
in sub-Saharan Africa, contributing to efforts to eradicate
poverty and ensure environmental sustainability
Area 2: Encourage knowledge generation
and transfer through research, extension, education and communication.
Area 3: Establish innovative public-private partnerships
to stimulate joint
s implementation of sustainable agriculture and natural resource
Area 4: Develop enabling policies and associated institutional
reforms and regulatory frameworks, including improved infrastructure
and access to markets, capital and financial services.
and Ecosystem Management
forms the basis of life. It not only supports ecosystem functions
contributes to local and regional economies significantly.
Issues under these are addressed through 2 action areas under
Area 1: Integrate
the principles of sustainable development into country policies
and programmes, as called for in MDG-7. For biodiversity,
this means being integrated, as the living basis for sustainable
development, into development programmes and economic sectors’plans,
strategies and responsibilities.
Area 2: reverse the loss of environmental resources,
as called for in MDG-7. For biodiversity, this means halting
the loss of biodiversity and restoring, if at all possible,biodiversity
in degraded areas, as endorsed by the CBD COP-6.